Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Environmental Challenges for Civil Engineers

Global warming is an important issue with which all engineers and scientist are concerned worldwide. The earth's surface temperature is increasing continuously due to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations. This is mainly due to human activities as a result of industrial revolution in the last six decades.

The increasing global temperature has some serious effects as it it is expected to cause a rise in sea level (which may remove some areas from the world map), extreme weather conditions, significant changes in rainfall (leading to floods or droughts), increase in desertification etc. It is also expected to effect agricultural output, melting of glaciers (will cause an increase in sea level), extinction of species and increase in diseases.

Kyoto protocol is an attempt to reduce global warming and most governments have signed it but it is still under political manipulations and debate. United states being the largest emittor of greenhouse gases has not ratified Kyoto protocol!!! Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is associated with the task of evaluation of risk due to climate change casued by human beings.

Environmental division of Civil Engineering is also very much involved in the process of finding out the solution to global warming. Marching ahead for a better, comfortable and peaceful world for all irrespective of cast, creed or races.
Comments and suggestions are welcome